Steinem, “Testimony…,” Textual Authentication

Steinem, Gloria (1934- )

edited by
Jill M. Weber

19 January 2007

Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774
USA

Brief notes on the text are included in the editorial
declaration of this header.

Steinem, Gloria. 1970a. “Spoken Statement of Gloria Steinem, Writer and Critic.” U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Hearings to Amend the Constitution So As To Provide Equal Rights For Men and Women. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., 5-7 May 1970, 331-335. [=A]
Steinem, Gloria. 1970b. “Testimony of Gloria Steinem, Writer, Before Senate Hearings on Equal Rights Amendment, May 6, 1970.” U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Hearings to Amend the Constitution So As To Provide Equal Rights For Men and Women. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., 5-7 May 1970, 335-337. [=B]
Steinem, Gloria. 1970c. “Womens’ Liberation (1970), Gloria Steinem.” U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Hearings to Amend the Constitution So As To Provide Equal Rights For Men and Women. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., 5-7 May 1970, 331-335. Reprinted by W.W. Norton and Company. http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/archive/resources/documents/ch35_02.htm. [=C]
Steinem, Gloria. 1970d. “Testimony of Gloria Steinem, Writer, Before Senate Hearings on Equal Rights Amendment, May 6, 1970.” U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Hearings to Amend the Constitution So As To Provide Equal Rights For Men and Women. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., 5-7 May 1970, 335-337. Reprinted at Historytools.org. http://www.historytools.org/sources/steinem.html. [=D]
Steinem, Gloria. 1970e. “Testimony of Gloria Steinem, Writer, Before Senate Hearings on Equal Rights Amendment, May 6, 1970.” U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments. Hearings to Amend the Constitution So As To Provide Equal Rights For Men and Women. 91st Cong., 2nd sess., 5-7 May 1970, 335-337. Reprinted in American Rhetorical Discourse, 2nd ed., ed. Ronald F. Reid, 816-821. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1995. [=E]
Steinem, Gloria. 1970f. “‘All Our Problems Stem from the Same Sex Based Myths’: Gloria Steinem Delineates American Gender Myths During ERA Hearings.” History Matters. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/7025/. [=F]

The copy-text is Steinem 1970a [= A], a published transcript of Steinem’s spoken testimony. This selection was based upon the following criteria: 1) This version of the text most accurately reports what Steinem said during her testimony. 2) This version was the most widely circulated and remains the authoritative text. 3) With the exception of the omission of paragraph 2, all of the other texts include minor changes that do not significantly affect the meaning of the speech. Except where specified in notes, Steinem 1970a [= A] is followed for paragraphing, spelling, and punctuation. Typographical errors that occur within Steinem 1970a [=A] have been corrected using Steinem 1970b [=B], Steinem’s prepared testimony.

Prior to reading her prepared testimony Steinem responded to an anti-ERA witness, Myrna Wolfgang, who had spoken on behalf of the Michigan Women’s Commission and the Hotel and Restaurant Employees and Bartenders International Union. Steinem highlighted points of agreement between pro- and anti-ERA forces, stating: “Before I get on with the statement I would like to point out that Mrs. Wolfgang does not disavow the principle of equality [but] only disagrees on the matter of tactic” (2). With the exception of the word “but,” this statement reflects Steinem’s statement as she spoke it according to the hearing record. This statement was not included in Steinem’s written testimony and has been omitted from all other reprints of her spoken testimony. It is included in the copy text used in this unit.

The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread. All double quotations are rendered with “, all single quotations with an apostrophe. This copy-text is not subject to end-of-line hyphenation.

Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.

Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:

Proper names are not marked.
Dates are not marked.
Emphasis is marked without interpretation.

Departures from the copy-text and general editorial procedures are as follows: (reference numbers specify paragraph in which the departure occurs):

2 According to the hearing record, Steinem stated: “Mrs. Wolfgang does not disavow the principle of equality only disagrees on the matter of tactic.” The copy text [A] includes Steinem’s statement as she spoke it.
5 male median salary B: male medial salary A
8 that women are biologically inferior B: that men are biologically inferior A
8 20 to 50 percent more males B: 20 to 50 percent move males A
21 power seems less testimony B: power seems less tetimony A
24 As for the psychic health B: As for psychic health A

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

06 May 1970
Senate
Washington, D.C.

English

Steinem, Gloria, 1935-
Social Sciences–The Family, Marriage, Women; Women. Feminism.

HQ1413.S67

2006-04-25

VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.

Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)

2006-07-12

editor
Lubov Zeifman

collation of available speech versions

2006-09-10

editor
Jill M. Weber

collation of electronic copy-text with other versions

2006-10-10

editor
J. Michael Hogan

proofread edited copy-text