Suggested Readings, Audio-Visual Materials, and On-Line Resources
Asch, Chris Myers. The Senator and the Sharecropper: The Freedom Struggles of James O. Eastland and Fannie Lou Hamer. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
Barnett, Bernice McNair. “Invisible Southern Black Women Leaders in the Civil Rights Movement: The Triple Constraints of Gender, Race, and Class.” Gender & Society 7 (1993): 162-82.
Beito, David, and Linda Royster Beito. Black Maverick: T. R. M. Howard’s Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.
Belfrage, Sally. Freedom Summer. New York: Viking, 1965.
Blackwell, Unita. Barefootin’: Life Lessons from the Road to Success. New York: Crown, 1996.
Bond, Julian, and Andrew Lewis, eds. Gonna Sit at the Welcome Table. 2d ed. Mason, OH: Thomson, 2002.
Bramlett-Solomon, Sharon. “Civil Rights Vanguard in the Deep South: Newspaper Portrayal of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964-1977.” Journalism Quarterly 68 (1991): 515-521.
Carney Smith, Jessie, ed. Epic Lives: One Hundred Black Women Who Made a Difference. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1993.
Cobb, James C. The Most Southern Place on Earth: The Mississippi Delta and the Roots of Regional Identity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Davis, Townsend. Weary Feet, Rested Souls: A Guided History of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Norton, 1998.
DeMuth, Jerry. “Fannie Lou Hamer: Tired of Being Sick and Tired. The Nation, June 1, 1964, 548-551.
Dittmer, John. Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Dollard, John. Caste and Class in a Southern Town. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1937.
Erenrich, Susie, ed. Freedom is a Constant Struggle: An Anthology of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement. Montgomery,AL: Black Belt, 1999.
Evans, Sarah. Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left. New York: Vintage, 1979.
Fosl, Catherine. “Anne Braden, Fannie Lou Hamer, and Rigoberta Menchu: Using Personal Narrative to Build Activist Movements.” In Telling Stories to Change the World. Ed., Rickie Solinger, Madeline Fox, and Kayhan Irani. New York: Routledge, 2008, 217-226.
Forman, James. The Making of Black Revolutionaries. Seattle: Open Hand, 1985.
Glaude Jr., Eddie S. Exodus! Religion, Race, and Nation in Early Nineteenth-Century Black America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Gregg, Richard B. “The Ego-Function of the Rhetoric of Protest.” Philosophy & Rhetoric 4 (1971): 71-91.
Griffin-Jeuchter, Kay. “Fannie Lou Hamer: From Sharecropper to Freedom Fighter,” MA Thesis, Sarah Lawrence College, 1990.
Griffin, Farah Jasmine. “DNC Day 4: Remembering Fannie Lou Hamer,” from Conventional Wisdom, National Public Radio Transcript, August 29, 2008. Available Online, http://www.npr.org/blogs/newsandviews/2008/08/dnc_day_4_remembering_fannie_l.html
Hamer, Fannie Lou. To Praise Our Bridges: An Autobiography of Mrs. Fanny [sic] Lou Hamer. Jackson, MS: KIPCO, 1967.
_____. “It’s In Your Hands.” In Black Women in White America: A Documentary History. Ed. Gerda Lerner. New York: Vintage, 1972, 609-614.
Hamlet, Janice D. “Fannie Lou Hamer: The Unquenchable Spirit of the Civil Rights Movement.” Journal of Black Studies 26 (1996): 560-576.
Harkey, Ira B. The Smell of Burning Crosses: An Autobiography of a Mississippi Newspaperman. Jacksonville, IL: Harris-Wolfe, 1967.
Hogan, Wesley C. Many Minds, One Heart: SNCC’s Dream for a New America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
Holland, Endesha Ida Mae. From the Mississippi Delta. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1999.
Holsaert, Faith S., Martha Prescod Norman Noonan, Judy Richardson, Betty Garman Robinson, Jean Smith Young, and Dorothy M. Zellner, ed. Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Houck, Davis W., and Matthew A. Grindy. Emmett Till and the Mississippi Press. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008.
Houck, Davis W., and David E. Dixon, ed. Rhetoric, Religion, and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2006.
_____, ed. Woman and the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009.
Howard-Pitney, David. The Afro-American Jeremiad: Appeals for Justice in America. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1990.
Irons, Jenny. “The Shaping of Activist Recruitment and Participation: A Study of Women in the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement.” Gender & Society 12 (1998): 692-709.
Johnson, Susan. “Fannie Lou Hamer: Mississippi’s Grassroots Organizer.” Black Law Journal 2 (1972): 154-162.
Jordan, June. Fannie Lou Hamer. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1972.
King, Edwin. “Go Tell it on the Mountain: A Prophet from the Delta.” Sojourners 11 (1982): 87.
Kling, Susan. Fannie Lou Hamer: A Biography.New York: Women for Racial and Economic Equality, 1979.
Lee, Chana Kai. For Freedom’s Sake: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.
_____. “Anger, Memory and Personal Power: Fannie Lou Hamer and Civil Rights Leadership.” In Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement. Ed., Bettye Collier-Thomas and V. P. Franklin. New York: New York University Press, 2001, 139-170.
Lewis, Earl M. “The Negro Voter in Mississippi.” The Journal of Negro Education 26 (1957): 329-350.
Locke, Mamie E. “The Role of African-American Women in the Civil Rights and Women’s Movements in Hinds County and Sunflower County, Mississippi.” Journal of Mississippi History 53 (1991): 229-239.
_____. “Fannie Lou Hamer and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.” In Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941-1965. Ed., Vicki L. Crawford, Jacqueline Anne Rouse and Barbara Woods. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson, 1990, 27-37.
Marsh, Charles. God’s Long Summer: Stories of Faith and Civil Rights. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
McGuire, Danielle L. “‘It Was like All of Us Had Been Raped’: Sexual Violence, Community Mobilization, and the African American Freedom Struggle.” The Journal of American History 91 (2004): 906-931.
McMillen, Neil. Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.
_____. The Citizens’ Councils: Organized Resistance to the Second Reconstruction, 1954-1964. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.
Mills, Kay. This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer. New York: Plume, 1994.
Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Laurel, 1968.
Moye, J. Todd. Let the People Decide: Black Freedom and White Resistance Movements in Sunflower County, Mississippi, 1945-1986. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
O’Dell, J. H. “Life in Mississippi: An Interview with Fannie Lou Hamer.” Freedomways 5 1965: 231-242.
Olson, Lynne. Freedom’s Daughters: The Unsung Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement from 1830 to 1970. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.
Ono, Kent, and John Sloop. “The Critique of Vernacular Discourse.” Communication Monographs 62 (1995): 19-46.
Parker Brooks, Maegan. “Oppositional Ethos: Fannie Lou Hamer and the Vernacular Persona.” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 15 (2012), Forthcoming.
Parker Brooks, Maegan, and Davis W. Houck, ed. The Speeches of Fannie Lou Hamer: To Tell It Like It Is. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011.
Payne, Charles M. I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Pipes, William Harrison. Say Amen, Brother! Old-Time Negro Preaching: A Study in Frustration. New York: William Frederick, 1951.
Powdermaker, Hortense. After Freedom: A Cultural Study in the Deep South. New York: Viking, 1938.
Reagon, Bernice Johnson. “Women as Culture Carriers in the Civil Rights Movement: Fannie Lou Hamer.” In Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941-1965. Ed., Vicki L. Crawford, Jacqueline Anne Rouse, and Barbara Woods. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993, 203-232.
Reed, Linda. “Fannie Lou Hamer: A New Voice in American Democracy.” In Mississippi Women: Their Histories, Their Lives. Ed., Martha H. Swain, Elizabeth Anne Payne and Marjorie Julian Spruill. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2003, 249-267.
Robnett, Belinda. African-American Women in the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965: Gender, Leadership, and Micromobilization.” American Journal of Sociology 101 (1996): 1661-1693.
Rubel, David. Fannie Lou Hamer: From Sharecropping to Politics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Silver Burdett, 1990.
Sugarman, Tracy. Stranger at the Gates: A Summer in Mississippi. New York: Hill and Wang, 1966.
Watson, Bruce. Freedom Summer: The Savage Season that Made Mississippi Burn and America a Democracy. New York: Viking, 2010.
Watters, Pat, and Reese Cleghorn. Climbing Jacob’s Ladder: The Arrival of Negroes in Southern Politics. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1971.
White, Eugene F. “Anti-Racial Agitation in Politics: James Kimble Vardaman in the Mississippi Gubernatorial Campaign of 1903.” Journal of Mississippi History 7 (1945): 91-130.
Buckley, Bill, and Tracy Sugarman. Never Turn Back: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer. Westport, CT: Rediscovery Productions, 1983.
Davenport, Joseph Delbert. M.F.D.P. Tallahassee, FL: Manship Films, 2010.
Famous Human Rights Crusaders: Ida B. Wells, Fannie Lou Hamer. Venice, CA: TMW Media Group, 2009.
Fannie Lou Hamer funeral, March 20, 1977, by Jane Petty and Patti Carr Black, Trans Video, Ltd., MP81.2, Tape 1 and 2, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Mississippi.
Field, Connie and Marilyn Mulford. Freedom on My Mind. Berkeley, CA: Clarity, 1994.
Johnson Reagon, Bernice. Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs, 1960-1966. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Folkways Recording, 1980.
Lewis, John, Rex Barnett, and Tom Weinberg. Fannie Lou Hamer: Everyday Battle. Atlanta, GA: History on Video, 1999.
Sadoff, Joan, Robert Sadoff, and Laura J. Lipson. Standing on My Sisters’ Shoulders. New York: WMM, 2003.
Stewart, Brian, Rex Barnett, and Paula Jowers. Fannie Lou Hamer: Voting Rights Activist. Venice, CA: TMW Media Group, 2009.
The Mississippi Sovereignty Commission. Mississippi Department of Archives and History, http://mdah.state.ms.us/arrec/digital_archives/sovcom/.
Fannie Lou Hamer, Oral History, University of Southern Mississippi, http://digilib.usm.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/coh&CISOPTR=2957&REC=5.
Fannie Lou Hamer, Testimony before the Democratic National Convention Credentials Committee, August 22, 1964, Atlantic City, New Jersey, http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/fannielouhamercredentialscommittee.htm.
Fannie Lou Hamer, Speech at a Vietnam War Moratorium Rally in Berkeley, California, 1965[sic]* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t64XsEhRaQI and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELJKuxFtFSo&feature=watch_response.
“Fannie Lou Hamer” and “Publications” tabs, http://maeganparkerbrooks.com/default.aspx.
Repaying Our Ancestors Respectfully, Fannie Lou Hamer Website, http://www.fannielouhamer.info/about.html.
*This speech is mis-cited by Pacifica Archives. It was given in 1969. For correct date and transcription, see: Parker Brooks, Maegan, and Davis W. Houck, ed. The Speeches of Fannie Lou Hamer: To Tell It Like It Is. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011.