Stokely Carmichael, “Black Power,” Sources

Suggested Readings, Audio-Visual Materials, and On-Line Resources

Readings 

Allen, Robert L. “Reassessing the Internal (Neo)Colonialism Theory.” The Black
Scholar
35 (Spring 2005): 2-11. 

Andrews, James R., and David Zarefsky. Contemporary American Voices: Significant Speeches in American History, 1945-Present. New York: Longman Publishing, 1992.

Battle, Thomas C. Legacy: Treasures of Black History. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2006.

Blake, John. Children of the Movement. Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill Books, 2004.

Branch, Taylor. At Canaan’s Edge: America in the King Years, 1962-68. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Carmichael, Stokely. “At Morgan State.” In Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan Africanism. Ed. E.N. Minor, 61-76. New York: Random House, 1966.

_____. “Berkeley Speech.” In Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan Africanism. Ed. E.N. Minor, 45-60. New York: Random House, 1966.

_____. “Power & Racism.” In The Black Power Revolt. Ed. F.B. Barbour, 63-76. Boston, MA: Collier Books, 1968.

Carmichael, Stokely, with Ekwueme Michael Thelwell. Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). New York: Scribner, 2003. 

Fager, Charles E. White Reflections on Black Power. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1967.

Gallagher, Victoria J. “Black Power in Berkeley: Postmodern Constructions in the Rhetoric of Stokely Carmichael.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (May 2001): 144-157.

Haskins, James. Profiles in Black Power. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972.

Hornsby Jr., Alton. Chronology of African-American History. Detroit, MI: Gale Research,
Inc., 1991.

Jefferson, Pat. “‘Stokely’s Cool’: Style.” Today’s Speech 16 (September 1968): 19-24.

Joseph, Peniel W. The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights/Black Power Era. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Levine, Michael L. Social Issues in American History Series: African Americans and Civil Rights. Phoenix, AZ: Oryz Press, 1996.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. Rebellion in the University. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1971.

Meier, August. Black Protest in the Sixties. Chicago, IL: Quadrangle Books, 1970.

Meier, August, Elliot Rudwick, and Francis Broderick, eds. Black Protest Thought in the Twentieth Century. New York: Bobbs Merrill Company, Inc., 1965.

Morris, Charles E. III, and Stephen H. Browne, eds. Readings on the Rhetoric of Social Protest. State College, PA.: Strata Publishing, 2001.

Ogbar, Jeffrey O.G. Black Power: Radical Politics and African American Identity. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Powledge, F. Black Power, White Resistance: Notes on the New Civil War. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Co., 1967.

Roberts-Miller, Patricia. “Democracy, Demagoguery, and Critical Rhetoric.” Rhetoric
& Public Affairs
8 (2005): 459-476. 

Shawki, Ahmed. Black Liberation and Socialism. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books, 2006.

Stewart, Charles J. “The Evolution of a Revolution: Stokely Carmichael and the Rhetoric of Black Power.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 429-446.

Tucker, Sterling. Black Reflections on White Power. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1969.

Ture, Kwame, and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. New York: Vintage Books, 1992.

Audio-Visual Materials 

Cammeron, Dwight. The Lowndes County Freedom Organization. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Center for Public Television, 1995. Video Recording.

Brysac, Shareen. 1968: A Look for New Meanings. Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities, 1978. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“Black Power.” King Encyclopedia Entry. Online at http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/black_power.html.

“Black Power Speech at the University of California, Berkeley.” Online at http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/sayitplain/scarmichael.html.

“Civil Rights Movement Veterans.” Online at http://www.crmvet.org/.

“King Encyclopedia.” The Martin Luther King, Jr. Encyclopedia. Online at http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/index.htm.

“Nation of Islam.” Online at http://www.noi.org.

“Stokely Carmichael.” FBI record. Online at http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/carmichael_stokely.htm.

“Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998).” King Encyclopedia entry. Online at http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/about_king/encyclopedia/carmichael_stokely.html.

“Stokely Carmichael: Black Power Speech.” Online at http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/stokelycarmichaelblackpower.html.

“Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.” Nearly 3,000 pages of FBI reports. The group was investigated to determine the extent of communist infiltration. Online at http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/sncc.htm.