“Graduation Speech at West Point,” a machine-readable edition
Bush, George W. (1946- )
Susan C. Jarratt
17 July 2006
Voices of Democracy
Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774
Brief notes on the text are included in the editorial
declaration of this header.
Bush, George W. [2002a] “President Bush Delivers Graduation Speech at West Point.” [webcast] 1 June 2002. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/06/20020601-3.html. (21 June 2006). [=A]
—. [2002b] “President Bush Delivers Graduation Speech at West Point.” Transcript. Office of the Press Secretary. 1 June 2002. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/06/20020601-3.html. (21 June 2006). [=B]
“Public Papers of the Presidents.” [2002c] George W. Bush — 2002, Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004. 917-22. http://frwebgate1.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/waisgate.cgi?WAISdocID=073199343244+0+0+0=retrieve (accessed 25 June 2006). [=C]
“Commencement Address at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. June 1, 2002.” [2002d] Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. Week ending June 7, 2002. 943-975.
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2002_presidential_documents=pd10jn02_txt-5 (25 June 2006). [=D]
—. [2002e] “Commencement Address at the United States Military Academy at West Point. West Point, New York. June 1, 2002.” Presidential Rhetoric.com.
http://www.presidentialrhetoric.com/speeches/06.01.02.html (21 June 2006). [=E]
—. “West Point Commencement Speech.” [2002f] America and the World. Debating the New Shape of International Politics. Ed. James F. Hoge, Gideon Rose, and James F. Hoge, Jr. Foreign Affairs, NY: W.W. Norton, 2002. 364-71. [=F]
“President George W. Bush’s Speech to the Graduate Class at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York. June 1, 2002.” [2002g] Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs at Ashland University. http://www.ashbrook.org/articles/bush_02-06-01.html (28 June 2006). [=G]
“President Bush Delivers Graduation Speech at West Point.” [2002h] TeachingAmericanHistory.org. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=916 (21 June 2006). [=H]
“Remarks by President Bush at 2002 Graduation Exercise of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York. 1 June 2002.” [2002i] Vincent Ferraro, Ruth C. Lawson Professor of International Politics, Mt. Holy Oak College. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/bush/westpoint.htm (23 June 2006). [=I]
“President Bush’s Speech at West Point, June 2002.” [2002j] Phil Taylor’s website, The Institute of Communication Studies. University of Leeds, UK http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/vp01.cfm?outfit=pmt=500=339=380 (27 June 2006). [=J]
“President Bush Delivers Graduation Speech at West Point. Remarks by the President at 2002 Graduation Exercise of the United States Military Academy. West Point, New York.” [2002k] College of Arts and Sciences, University of South Carolina
http://people.cas.sc.edu/rosati/bush.westpoint.602.htm (24 June 2006). [=K]
“2002 Commencement Address at the United States Military Academy in West Point.” [2002l] Center for Defense Information
http://www.cdi.org/program/issue/index.cfm?ProgramID=78=151 (June 25, 2006). [=L]
“Complete Text of Bush’s West Point Address.” Monday, June 3, 2002. [2002m] NewsMax.com
http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2002/6/2/81354.shtml (30 June 2006). [=M]
“George Bush, West Point, 6/1/2002.” [2002n] http://www.flylittlebird.org/Archive/Speeches/Print.aspx?id=252=browse2003 (25 June 2006). [=n]
U.S. Embassy (Germany). [2002o] “President Bush Delivers Graduation Speech at West Point: Remarks by the President at 2002 Graduation Exercise of the United States Military Academy.” West Point, NY. June 1, 2002. http://usa.usembassy.de/gemeinsam/bush060102.htm (28 June 2006). [=O]
The copy-text is Bush 2002a (=A), a videotape representation of the delivered speech available on the White House website. This selection was based upon the authority of the website and of the videotape in recording the actual delivery. The audio-visual presentation was transcribed and then compared against the print transcripts available on the White House site, from the U.S. Government Printing Office, and from representative other print and electronic sources listed above to produce the reading-text. Deviations between copy-text and print versions are indicated below. All print versions examined (including the White House print transcript) contain the same differences from the spoken text. The paragraphing of the White House print transcript was followed for the reading-text.
Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets.
The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread. The text does not depart from the copy-text or general editorial principles.
All double quotation marks are rendered with “, all single quotation marks with
Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.
Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:
Proper names are not marked.
Dates are not marked.
Emphasis is marked without interpretation.
The word pronounced noo-kya-ler in the videorecording has been spelled nuclear in all instances.
There are no departures from the copy-text.
The notes reflect places where the printed instances do not represent the speech as originally delivered (reference numbers specify paragraph in which the printed instances are followed):
13 Yet I am certain . . . A: This war will take many turns we cannot predict. Yet I am certain . . . B-O
18 systematically A: systemically B-O
19 part of a stronger security A: part of stronger security B-O
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Library of Congress Classification
J80 .A283 2002
1 June 2002
Bush, George W. (George Walker), 1946-
Presidents — United States — Messages
United States — Politics and government — 2001- — Sources
United States — Politics and government — 2001-
VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.
Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)